Richard (host of The 2014 Caravana de recuerdos Ibero-American Readalong, and the group read of Bolaño’s 2666which has occupied me for the past two months) more-or-less promised me that I would enjoy the fourth section of this book – The Part About the Crimes – at least from a writing perspective, despite my quakings regarding the content. He was right.

In the first three sections Bolaño gradually tightens his narrative focus. The four critics, having arrived in Santa Teresa, Mexico, in obsessive pursuit of the mysterious German author Archimboldi, read about “the murdered women” in the paper over their breakfast orange juice. Amalfitano, the slightly mad philosophy professor, worries that his own daughter will end up as a victim. The reporter, Fate, actually meets a prisoner who is a murder suspect in the case – a giant, a German-born US Citizen, who of course you immediately think might be Archimboldi, or at the very least linked to him.

It’s time to solve the mysteries, after all, surely? Who is killing hundreds of women in Santa Teresa? And what does Archimboldi have to do with it all? Bolaño turns a microscopic gaze on the series of murders which span a decade, coldly laying out the stories on his literary slab – girl after woman after girl, killed by jealous lovers, during drug deals, kidnapped on their way home from work… It’s a brutal chronology, and you quickly figure out that there’s no super-villain to pin it all on, no not even Klaus Haas, the creepy but compelling German giant. As in the real-life scenario of Ciudad Juárez, the Mexican-U.S. border city where hundreds of women were killed in the 90s, there are no cut and paste answers.

This part of the book is almost more frustrating than it is disturbing. Both the reader, and the few living characters amid the parade of bodies – some detectives and cops, a few reporters, a seer, the director of an asylum – feel helpless, feel like they’re drowning, or suffocating. Everything is fucked here. In an atmosphere of misogyny, normalized violence, sexism, and an increasing lack of empathy, is anyone surprised that ‘We become blind (or at least partly blind) out of habit…‘?

Richard prompted a very interesting discussion about the real-life Juárez murders with his notes on La dimensión desconocida by Sergio González Rodríguez, a book about the crimes written by a reporter whom Bolaño closely mirrored in his novel. In the comments, Richard pointed out that Bolaño, through a work of fiction, was adding to the testimony regarding the Juárez murders – which have been repeatedly silenced and shelved by authorities. Taken as that, this section of 2666 is pretty incredible, while still being frustrating and horrible.

I keep thinking about a conversation between a Mexican cop and a sheriff from Huntsville, AZ – ‘Things aren’t the way they seem, whispered Ramirez. Do you think things are the way they seem, as simple as that, no complicating factors, no questions asked? No, said Harry Magaña, it’s always important to ask questions. Correct, said the Tijuana cop. It’s always important to ask questions, and it’s important to ask yourself why you ask the questions you ask. And do you know why? Because just one slip and our questions take us places we don’t want to go. Do you see what I’m getting at, Harry? Our questions are, by definition, suspect. But we have to ask them. And that’s the most fucked-up thing of all. That’s life, said Harry Magaña.

Asking those questions is kind of the opposite of becoming blind out of habit, but provokingly, that bit about becoming blind was said by the same character just a few lines before…

Even in this serious and heartbreaking section Bolaño has time to mess around, so as Richard predicted, I did enjoy it overall. There’s the Perec-like list of phobias (p.381-382), the continuing mystery of Archimboldi, and bizarre details like the mirrors in the hotel room – as related by ‘the congresswoman’: ‘I paced the room. I noticed that there were two mirrors. One at one end and the other by the door, and they didn’t reflect each other. But if you stood in a certain place, you could see one mirror in the other. What you couldn’t see was me. Strange, I said to myself, and for a while, as sleep began to overtake me, I made calculations and experimented with positions. That was where I was when five o’clock struck. The more I studied the mirrors, the more uneasy I felt.‘ (p. 621)

And I loved the little sub-story of Florita Almada, a seer and a woman who could do anything she set her mind to, because after all, ‘When you know something, you know it, and when you don’t, you’d better learn.‘ (p. 429)

The detective Juan de Dios Martinez muses that ‘the world is a strange and fascinating place,‘ and Florita Almada declares ‘Every hundred feet the world changes… The idea that some places are the same as others is a lie. The world is a kind of tremor.

The last crime that Bolaño reports happens right before Christmas in 1997, and the investigation is given up after three days. The fourth section ends on a haunting, yet oddly hopeful note:

The Christmas holidays in Santa Teresa were celebrated in the usual fashion. There were posadas, piñatas were smashed, tequila and beer were drunk. Even on the poorest streets people could be heard laughing. Some of these streets were completely dark, like black holes, and the laughter that came from who knows where was the only sign, the only beacon that kept residents and strangers from getting lost.’ p. 633

I’ll save my thoughts on the fifth and final part for another post. I wrote about parts 1-3 here.

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | February 27, 2014

Hug a Cactus?

I visited the Phipps Conservatory on Tuesday to see the Winter Orchids and Tropical Bonsai Show, and while there were many impressively tiny old trees, and orchids of every size, shape, and color, it was this beautiful monster lurking in the Desert Room that captured my heart in it’s prickly tentacles – Ba-BAM!:

I call this the sea monster cactus - Feb. 25th 2014

Look at that thing. I can’t even…

Feb. 25th 2014

Desert Room - Feb. 25th 2014

Seriously, it is out of control.

Feb. 25th 2014

My mind boggles with all the sci-fi scenarios where this cactus (I guess it’s probably a giant agave plant…) would become more…er…animated, and be terrifying, or awesome – probably both!

Compared to this wonder of nature, the highly cultivated orchids and meticulously maintained bonsai rather paled…but I will give them props for style and class.

Feb. 25th 2014

Feb. 25th 2014

Very nice, yes, yes, lovely. I did thoroughly enjoy spending several hours in their company, marveling over root structure and petal detail. But the cactus was my favorite.

Marvelous things, plants.

Don’t share my cacti fascination? There are lots more pictures of orchids and bonsai here.



Posted by: tuulenhaiven | February 18, 2014

The View from Morelock Street

I took advantage today of LE’s need to get her hair trimmed, and tagged along when she ventured across the river to the borough of Etna. While she had a wash and cut, I trotted around the bit of town and then hiked up to Morelock Street to get a better look at a couple of bridges that I’ve driven over numerous times, but not had a chance to really see.

Etna lies within view of downtown Pittsburgh, but it has a nice small town feel – one of the things I love about the cities ‘suburbs’. Once the home of the world’s largest pipe-rolling mill and over 7,000 people, it now shelters less than 4,000 and the mill has long since closed. From what I can gather, however, the community is vibrant and increasingly full of young families. I look forward to biking across the Allegheny in the summer to check out their farmers market, and catch sight of their firework show in July. (Here’s a brief history of Etna.)

Even a pretty town can look dreary in February though, and the charms of Main Street were somewhat lost on me today. It wasn’t until I had tromped up High Street and found the First Congregational Church of Etna Cemetery that I started to get excited.

First Congregational Church of Etna Cemetery - Feb. 18th 2014

Etna is situated right on the bank of the Allegheny River, and is draped over a collection of steep slopes. The views from the tops of these hills is excellent, and I can believe that the residents of Etna congratulate themselves on their wise choice of settlement. The cemetery is tumbling off one such slope, and I cut up through it, encountering on the way a young fellow teaching a kid how to snowboard among the gravestones. Climbing onto Morelock Street, I was rewarded with my view of the two bridges, the boroughs of Etna and Sharpsburg, and a brilliantly blue bend in the Allegheny River.

View toward Sharpsburg from Morelock St - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

Highland Park Bridge - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

The Highland Park Bridge is the 16th crossing of the Allegheny, and was completed in 1939. It is a cantilevered Pratt deck truss bridge, and was designed by Sidney A. Shubin, who also takes credit for numerous other bridges in the county, including the South Tenth Street Bridge (over the Monongahela, which is the only other one of his that I’m familiar with – I’ll find the rest…!)

In the picture above you can see a dark line in the water directly in front of the bridge – that is the Allegheny River Lock and Dam No. 2 (the 15th crossing). It was built in 1932 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers as part of an extensive system of locks and dams on the river, and is still the most-used lock operated by them in the country. (You can also see the pillars of the Brilliant Branch Railroad Bridge behind the Highland Park Bridge…but more on that another time.)

Senator Robert D. Fleming Bridge - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

We drove over the 62nd Street Bridge to get to Etna (or the Senator Robert D. Fleming Bridge, the 14th crossing of the Allegheny River). 62nd Street is the last of the numbered streets that begin at the Point in downtown Pittsburgh, some 6 miles away or so. There has been a bridge in this spot at least since 1876, although this cantilevered Warren deck truss business is only from 1962. The longest span is 400 ft. (compare that to the longest span on the Highland Park Bridge, which is 277.9 ft. – and why these things interest me, I could not tell you…but it is fun to see both designs!)

View up the Allegheny from Morelock St - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

Here are both bridges, as seen from the backyard of an Etna Yinzer, complete with their Pens and Steelers flags (no Pirates flag – they’re not a fan of baseball?) Their view is great, as is the view of some folks further down Morelock Street, if they would just clear away those horrible Kudzu vines (of course that’s a nearly impossible task…)

View of Lawrenceville/Oakland from the end of Morelock St - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

You can see the Cathedral of Learning there on the left, in Oakland, with my home neighborhood of Lawrenceville on the shore of the river. The good folks up on Morelock Street pay for their view though, perhaps, especially now – I imagine when the weather is inclement, these streets are pretty sketchy to drive up or down…

Where Morelock St and High St meet - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

I can vouch for the fact that this road is even steeper than it looks!

Anyway, at a time of year when the snow is dirty, and the hillsides are brown, and the trees are a long way off from budding, I take comfort in the bridges of Allegheny County, which glow warmly in the sunlight and even on a grey day bring me delight with their graceful leaps and daring cantilevers. Still, I can’t wait to revisit this hillside with its rocky, rugged cemetery, when it is green and full of flowers. Snow angels are fun to make, but a nap on a grassy knoll sounds absolutely divine.

Until then!

First Congregational Church of Etna Cemetery - Borough of Etna, Feb. 18th 2014

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | February 5, 2014

Gem of the Ocean

by August Wilson

Someday I hope to see this play performed, but the hour or so I devoted to reading it was well spent. It is the first chronologically in Wilson’s 10-play cycle about the African-American experience in Pittsburgh during the 20th century. It is every bit as “fat with substance” as Wilson liked to claim. With a few characters and just one set, he deftly brought to life the restless, confused state of the country at the turn of the century, when the question of what freedom meant lay heavy on hearts and minds.

I say I got it but what is it?” asks Solly Two Kings. “I’m still trying to find out. It ain’t never been nothing but trouble.” Gentle Eli replies: “Freedom is what you make it.”

That’s what I’m saying,” says Solly. “You got to fight to make it mean something. All it mean is you got a long row to hoe and ain’t got no plow. Ain’t got no seed. Ain’t got no mule. What good is freedom if you can’t do nothing with it? I seen many a man die for freedom but he didn’t know what he was getting. If he had known he might have thought twice about it.

Solly Two Kings always fought to make his freedom mean something. Born a slave, he escaped and made it to Canada, then turned round and became a conductor on the underground railroad. He guided Union soldiers through the swamps during the Civil War, and after Emancipation he made his way to Pittsburgh, where Gem of the Ocean finds him selling dog shit as fertilizer and trying to woo Aunt Ester, the 200+ year old women whom ‘the people’ say can wash your soul clean.

Citizen Barlow arrives in Pittsburgh and isn’t there a week before his soul needs just such a washing.

In 1904, industry was driving the country. The African-American population was flooding north to work in mills in the big cities. The federal authorities wanted them to stay in the South and work with their former slaveholders to rebuild it, so not unlike the days of the underground railroad, the journey north was tough and full of dangers. Black people were denied the right to vote, and the Jim Crow laws were in full effect. The law was the new slaveholder. In the industrialized cities, the cycle of debt and poverty for recently freed slaves was almost impossible to break. Solly Two Kings says, “The people…got the law tied to their toe. Every time they try and swim the law pull them under.”

As Gem of the Ocean begins, a man has recently died, because he refused to come out of the river. Doing so would have seemingly proved him guilty of the crime of stealing a bucket of nails from the mill. He refused to live with that truth. Soon after, Citizen Barlow winds up on Aunt Ester’s porch, demanding a soul-washing.

Citizen’s spiritual journey is just one part of the story. Solly Two Kings and his fight for freedom is another. Black Mary, the young apprentice of Aunt Ester, finds her heart stirred by Citizen, although “You got to be right with yourself before you can be right with anybody else.” And then there’s the cop Caesar, Black Mary’s brother, who has gone over to the dark side, so to speak, utterly mistaking his role and responsibility toward ‘the people’.

This play is heartbreaking and beautiful. Phylicia Rashad, who played Aunt Ester in a stage production, says in her intro: ‘It is a hymn in praise of freedom and moral redemption, an ode to community, a song of love, a wellspring of wisdom, and a summons to critical thought and action.

In his intro to the entire series, John Lahr writes: ‘The blues are catastrophe expressed lyrically; so are Wilson’s play, which swing with the pulse of the African-American people, as they moved, over the decades, from property to personhood.

August Wilson was born in Pittsburgh, and although he left in his 20s and and spent his last years in Seattle, the Pittsburgh Hill District is the setting for his 10-play cycle. I wanted to read one or two, as part of my exploration of my new city, but having read Gem of the Ocean, I am floored by Wilson’s storytelling and characterization, and eager to read whatever I can get my hands on.

There is something important to me here in Wilson’s work. I was startled by how much I could relate to Citizen Barlow, as he floundered desperately in the muck of the American Democratic promise. Forced to live in the mill rooming house, where the rent was slightly more than he was paid in a week, Citizen was in debt to the company from the get-go, unable to leave to find a better job, unable to save any money to improve his situation… How many young people today are crippled by student loans that bought the education that the jobs they now cannot find demanded? Those cycles of debt and poverty still suck us in. And so many young people today are just as much disconnected from their history and cultural heritage as Citizen was from his. How often have you heard someone claim they feel “like I got a hole inside me“? We’re still a country restless and confused by the idea of freedom, and we need stories and myths and folklore and the blues to fill us up with something.

I can guess, just from reading this one play, that Wilson understood that. Phylicia Rashad called Gem of the Ocean ‘a great and mighty ship riding the waves of history. With sails at full mast, blown by the winds of charity and tireless resolve, it surges onward toward its charted destination, the port of right understanding.

Right understanding, now there’s a port I’d like to sail into someday… I’ve got 9 more of Wilson’s plays to help show me the way!

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | February 4, 2014

‘Drunkwalking’ in Lawrenceville

Last month LE and I went to a lecture presented by the Lawrenceville Historical Society which was held at a local nursing home. While the residents played a rousing game of bingo, the best turnout ever for an LHS lecture gathered upstairs. Close to 100 people were interested in hearing local writer/blogger Adam Eisenstat talk about their neighborhood and share his photographs. He had some relatively interesting stories and pictures, but my takeaway from the event was the concept of the ‘drunkwalk’, which Eisenstat claimed to have perfected.

A ‘drunkwalk’ is an exploratory walk around a neighborhood, with frequent stops into bars and pubs for much needed refreshment. Upon hearing this, LE and I turned to each other and shared a silent eureka! moment – we have been drunkwalkers for years, we just didn’t know it. I would be prepared to call myself a professional drunkwalker, in fact. And unlike Eisenstat, I don’t reserve this activity for pleasant weather only. I’ve been known to go in the rain, in freezing temps, come-what-may. I am a hardcore drunkwalker.

In fact I went drunkwalking yesterday, in a snowstorm. I left my house around 11 and walked down Butler St to Central Lawrenceville, wrote a couple of letters in Kickback Pinball Cafe while sipping a mocha, then went across the street to Hambone’s Pub. The one o’clock hour had chimed, so I wrote a few more letters while drinking several beers (notably, Southern Tier’s Old Man Winter) and eavesdropping on Shorty – an ancient fellow who is always hanging out in the corner, chatting with the bartenders.

Along 40th Street in Lawrenceville, Feb 3rd 2014

From 40th St, looking up the tracks toward Upper Lawrenceville and beyond

Southern Tier’s brews will put some pep in your step, so I found myself lightheartedly flirting with the postman in Lawrenceville’s tiny post office, before splashing through an icy pothole-filled alley and then sliding down the riverbank to check out the situation on the Allegheny. During the arctic temps of last week, the river was more-or-less frozen, but yesterday there were just ice rafts flowing energetically down to meet the Ohio River.

Washington Crossing Bridge, Feb 3rd 2014

Washington Crossing Bridge at 40th St

33rd Street Railroad Bridge and view of Downtown, Feb 3rd 2014

Looking downriver toward the 33rd St Railroad Bridge and downtown

I love this little guy! - Feb 3rd 2014

A favorite river guardian

Feb 3rd 2014

Fancy boats, waiting for spring

Feb 3rd 2014

A slightly more ferocious river guardian

Washington Crossing Bridge, Feb 3rd 2014

The river probably looked similar to this when Washington nearly drowned in it that one time…

My drunkwalk ended at Remedy, back up by my place, around 4. An evening with friends and good food followed, which should conclude any day spent drunkwalking, I’d say. I went home almost 12 hours after I’d left, a borrowed copy of Master and Margarita tucked under my arm (I have some pretty cool friends!) and fell into bed, classically tired but happy.

If you’re interested in reading about some of Adam Eisenstat’s Pittsburgh adventures, check out his blog. I especially like his post about the East Busway, something I’d like to explore myself.

Today’s drunkwalk is planned for this afternoon, with LE in tow, and we will be heading to the neighborhood of Oakland to check out the main Carnegie Library, perhaps the excellent used bookstore there as well, and probably the Union Bar and Grill, where you can get many delicious 18 oz. beers.

Whether you care to call them drunkwalks or not, happy exploring via foot in your corners of the world!

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | January 31, 2014

2666: ‘Ugh, said the critics…’

But I say ‘Huzzah!’ Of course, this was the easy part – what comes next will be brutal. The title alone gives me the shivers: The Part About the Crimes

The first three sections of Roberto Bolaño’s 2666 (the parts about the Critics, Amalfitano, and Fate) are almost cheery. At least, they contain all my favorite things when it comes to Bolaño’s story telling – unforgettable characters, mysteries and puzzles, wicked humor, beautiful writing – which is cheering to me. I don’t even care what Bolaño is writing about half the time, I simply love how he writes it.

It was raining in the quadrangle, and the quadrangular sky looked like the grimace of a robot or a god made in our likeness. …the grass and the earth seemed to talk, no, not talk, argue, their incomprehensible words like crystallized spiderwebs or the briefest crystallized vomitings, a barely audible rustling…‘ p. 9

I mean, what?

But he also describes things so well sometimes that it’s like being surprised by a friend in the dark.

…that abysslike hour (with its ineffably nauseating scent) when momentous decisions are made...’ p. 56

I’ve been there… And surely you’ve seen people ‘smiling like squirrels‘ before? (p. 86)

Bolaño is also capable of giving voice to actual things that have crossed my mind.

What kind of a lunatic am I if this is the kind of nonsense that I dream?‘ p. 228

I have read other books by the man, (some more than once) but have edged round this one for several years. Every adventure with Bolaño is intense – beating between discomfort and ecstasy – and this book especially has the reputation of being extra great and extra awful. And it’s extra long… I didn’t want to travel alone, so I am reading 2666 with Richard of Caravana de recuerdos, and others, and we read 349 out of 898 pages this month. We’ll finish it in February.

The first three sections are very nearly stand-alone stories. In The Part About the Critics three academics are trying to track down a mysterious German writer. In The Part About Amalfitano a widowed philosopher is perhaps losing his mind. In The Part About Fate an African-American reporter from New York covers a Mexican boxing match. It’s Bolaño though, so these are puzzle pieces, and the greater picture is one depicting the city of Santa Teresa and the unexplained murders of hundreds of women over the course of a decade. The fourth section, as I mentioned, is ominously called The Part About the Crimes... There – I shivered again.

Nevermind what lies ahead. What I’ve read of this book so far was such fun. Following Bolaño’s trail of breadcrumbs through each section, relishing those brilliant turns of phrase, laughing over the geometry book hanging from the clothesline, or the ridiculousness of the run-on four page sentence that is the Swabian’s story… And Bolaño flings fabulous characters at you with relentless, almost desperate energy (it was his last book, after all, barely finished before he died).

Bolaño gets more than just points for style though – after all… ‘What matters is that it’s well written, he said. No, I told him, you know that isn’t what matters.‘ p. 170

What matters to me, right now – because I can’t pretend to know at the moment where he’ll take the story by the end, or what his overall purpose and point is… What matters to me are things like this:

You have to know how to look even if you don’t know what you’re looking for.‘ p. 251

…man couldn’t live on healthy food alone. You have to read books, he said. … Reading is never a waste of time.’ p. 255

I was doing something useful. Something useful no matter how you look at it. Reading is like thinking, like praying, like talking to a friend, like expressing your ideas, like listening to other people’s ideas, like listening to music (oh yes), like looking at the view, like taking a walk on the beach.‘ p. 256

What I like about Bolaño is that he reminds me that it’s perfectly all right to spend a day reading. It’s perfectly all right to question, to be confused, to love badly as often as you love well, to act on instinct, to drive aimlessly all over a city just looking, to hang geometry books on clotheslines, to be weird, to be frightened, to be beautiful. He always seems to throw open his arms to it all, to embrace the crystallized spiderwebs and the crystallized vomitings…whatever they are.

He reminds me that: ‘Everything is fine… It’s all a question of getting used to it. Without making a fuss. Without sweating and flailing around.’ p. 211

This is said to Amalfitano one night by a voice he hears which might be the spirit of his father…?

And although I don’t think I’ll find the remainder of the book as delightful as the first three parts (The Part About the Crimes is the length of many novels…ack) I am willing to follow Bolaño through the murk. Because:

…everything lets us down, including curiosity and honesty and what we love best. Yes, said the voice, but cheer up, it’s fun in the end.‘ p. 209

For the rest of the story, check back here around the end of February. And do pop round to Richard’s blog to check out more posts about 2666 over the next few days.

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | January 30, 2014

Digging Up Some Long-Awaited Reads

January is, according to Ana and IrisLong-Awaited Reads Month. It is often a month of freezing temps and winter blues and of course those pesky new year resolutions, so it’s the perfect time to knock a few books of the TBR list. For me, I also spent much of the month not drinking alcohol, and while I did enjoy some quality tonic water and the company of friends in smoky Pittsburgh bars a few times, overall I spent my evenings curled up with a book. (Or watching episodes of Downton Abby/Miss Fisher’s Murder Mysteries/The Wrong Mans/Sherlock/Community…)

Mostly I read the first three parts of Roberto Bolaño’s 2666, a book I’ve intended to read for several years and a monster of a book in many ways having nothing to do with it’s length…but more on that in another post. While I was waiting for it to arrive via post, and then after I finished the “required” amount for the month (according to Richard’s reading plan), I inhaled several other “long-awaited reads”.

Similarly to this time last year, I began catching up on new(ish) YA releases, knocking Rebel Heart by Moira Young, Code Name Verity by Elizabeth Wein, and The Bitter Kingdom by Rae Carson off my list.

These books bring to mind a lot of the questions and demands I was asking and making of stories and writers last winter. They have strong female leads (so they’re definitely telling tales of women) and they’re about women who fight - bonus! My expectations are still great though, so I have to point out that the second Dustlands book didn’t really improve on the first.

Ugh…this cover…

Not that Rebel Heart (the sequel to Blood Red Road) suffered from second-book-itis, or not exactly. In the scope of the hero’s journey, it is the bit where temptations taunt, questions haunt, and as the title suggests, the heart is torn. Confusions and conflicts galore. The end is no longer clear, especially since the quest of Blood Red Road was accomplished – *spoilers!* – Saba’s brother Lugh was rescued, the Tonton were scattered, the mad king was killed. So now what?

Rebel Heart picks up with Saba and her family crossing the desert in search of a new life, something that is pretty rare in this post-apocalyptic land.  Saba is dealing with an awful case of PTSD – the ghost of a friend, dead by her own hand, trails her. Those same hands (never clean) continue to betray her, as their shaking prevents her from shooting her bow. Her brother, dealing with the traumas of his own kidnapping, doesn’t understand Saba’s weakness, and little Emmi can’t pick up the pieces fast enough. Meanwhile, the desert seems endless.

This is Moira Young writing at her best – using Saba’s brilliant first person narrative to set the stage for a story about dealing with what happens after the epic. This is excellent stuff – I was really digging the book for the first 3rd – but then Saba is abruptly emotionally patched up by a shamanic journey, and Young turns her pen to somewhat ridiculous romantic scribblings. (Lazy writing strikes again!) Saba is in love with Jack, but can she ever really trust him? Things seem utterly broken between herself and Lugh, her twin brother. Tommo, the deaf orphan boy, idolizes her with an increasingly dangerous passion. And then there’s DeMalo, the leader of the reincarnation of the Tonton, and a little bit of a Brian Bois-Guilbert, a la Ivanhoe…(and he’s another ‘super mysterious male character’, to replace the ploy that was Jack in the first book, sheesh…!) While fulfilling her destiny and saving the world, etc., Saba has to decide what her rebel heart really desires (and that pesky heart-stone is not helping her out much these days). By the end I suppose she does make it through the muck and pick a direction, so her hero’s journey is more on track – but I resented being dragged through that muck at times.

It’s not all annoying though – the book is entertaining overall, with some decent side characters and more of Emmi, the little sister, being thoroughly awesome. I am curious to see where Young goes from here, but I am not holding my breath that it will be anywhere truly exceptional. The Dustland books have so much potential, but so far I continue to be disappointed.

Rae Carson, on the other hand, doesn’t disappoint. The Bitter Kingdom concludes her Fire and Thorn trilogy, which has been wickedly good from the start. I never properly reviewed the first two books, and I’ll continue that trend by not doing this one justice either. I don’t even know where to start – my book summary boils down to “Whoop! So good! Just read it/them!”

Elisa (artwork by Simini Blocker)

Carson does so much that is excellent in these books, beginning by creating the riveting Elisa – too chubby, too scared, too dogged by destiny to ever achieve anything useful beyond an early death (the fate of most bearers of the mysterious Godstones), but also too stubborn, too clever, too loving, and too gorgeous to go quietly into any void, destiny or not. In each book she grows tremendously, learning things about herself and other people that are instantly relatable, and she is fist-pumpingly awesome time and again (and just as often for being quietly caring, as for blowing a baddy to smithereens with the magical fire of her Godstone). Her real power lies in her ability to draw people together, to demand (and inspire) cooperation and forgiveness – and we could use more heroes who do that. Fabulous plot aside, (deserts! court intrigue! lots of travel! delicious love stories!) what I adore about these books is how Carson uses her power – the mighty pen! – to create a roll model for young women (and men) whom they can identify readily with – Elisa isn’t stick thin, jaw-droppingly pretty, or instantly able to do wushu as well as Jet Li, and even though she has a God-installed magical jewel in her navel that marks her as a chosen one, The Bitter Kingdom proves for once and all that she is special despite it. 

Aside from Elisa, I enjoyed the world-building, and the chance to pretty thoroughly explore that world as Carson pilots her cast all around it. Well-realized characters populate every corner, and the three individual story arcs are just as satisfying as the overarching plot. Basically, Carson has come pretty darn close to writing a perfect YA Fantasy series. She’s certainly captured most of what I’m looking for in a book!

And then there’s Code Name Verity. This book is soooo good. I CAN’T EVEN. An easy favorite of my reading year. It begins in France, in a cell that was formerly a hotel room, with a young woman who has been tied by her ankles to a chair, and sits facing a pile of mismatched scrap paper. She is a spy, captured by the Nazi gestapo, and her task is to write a full confession which reveals every detail she knows of the British war effort. And confess all she does – the entire tale of how she met Maddie, the lady pilot who became her best friend, and how she came to drop out of Maddie’s plane into France and her own piece of the mess of World War II. The first part of the book is this confession, and the second part is Maddie’s story of what became of them both after her plane crashed in German-occupied France.

The story is complex and rich with historic detail. The characterizations are deft, and the plot rips through you. French resistance! Girls flying planes! Beastly Nazis…! The friendship between Maddie and Queenie is gorgeous, and I was utterly in love with both of them almost immediately. Queenie, unquenchable and always looking her best, even mid-torture, is heartbreaking from her opening lines. Maddie fades a bit in comparison at first, but that bit where she bullies the Frenchman into letting her fix his car…! I am a dork about early planes and the RAF in that era, so I thoroughly enjoyed all the details about Maddie flying round. The galore of literary references – from Kim, to Peter Pan, to the obvious Scheherazade scenario – added delight. And you desperately need all these things to cheer about, because you guys, you are simultaneously terrified. You know all too well that there’s no completely happy ending for stories set during WWII…

It’s amazing to read a brilliant, funny, heart-wrenching story about the friendship between two incredible women – and while it is much more complicated than that, it is also exactly that simple. I must give huge props to Elizabeth Wein, who sounds like a pretty rad lady herself (she’s got a doctorate in folklore and a pilot’s licence). If I hadn’t already returned this book to the library I’m pretty sure I would have abandoned this post ages ago in favor of reading it again immediately.

A sensational team (artwork by RosaleeLuAnn)

I need more than a month to catch up on my long-awaited reads (I don’t dare to hope I’ll catch up before the end of my life…!) but as I careen from one interesting book to another, it’s nice to pause and see what’s been accidentally thrown to the back of the closet. I’m pleased that I dug these ones out – and the indomitable 2666 too.

Until next time!

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | January 21, 2014

Trollope Explores America

While perusing the interesting Pittsburgh: A New Portrait by Franklin Toker, I came across a word sketch of the city by none other than Anthony Trollope. His abundant scribblings have been on my list for years, but aside from the excerpts that make frequent appearances on the blog Wuthering Expectations, I haven’t read any of his work. I decided to put the Pittsburgh Carnegie Library system to the test and successfully dug out a copy of Trollope’s North America, a travel log that apparently fulfilled an ambition of the author’s literary life – ‘to write a book about the United States‘. In it, he strove to present to his fellow Englishmen a view of America which (unlike other popular writings on the subject) created less laughter on one side of the Atlantic and less soreness on the other, while adding to ‘the good feeling which should exist between two nations which ought to love each other so well‘.

Anthony Trollope

In his Introduction, after proclaiming this admirable intent, he hastily adds that, of course, ‘it is very hard to write about any country a book that does not represent the country described in a more or less ridiculous point of view.‘ And ‘a writer may tell all that he sees of the beautiful; but he must also tell, if not all that he sees of the ludicrous, at any rate the most piquant part of it.‘ With his arse suitably covered, Trollope then embarks for America, arriving in Boston in early September, 1861, with plans to travel around throughout the fall and winter and return to England in the spring.

I thought I would just dip in and out of this book, reading the bits that interested me, but Trollope is an entertaining writer and I’m enjoying every step of his adventure.

From Boston (where ‘it was not the beauty of the harbour of which I thought the most; but of the tea that had been sunk there‘) to Newport, Rhode Island, he goes with his wife in tow. Newport at the end of the season is dull, and it’s overwhelming hotels (with their drawing-rooms large enough to swallow the House of Commons) depress the poor man. He is annoyed by the fully-clothed style of sea-bathing that prevails (apparently he is a skinny-dipper – ‘I own that my tastes are vulgar and perhaps indecent; but I love to jump in the deep clear sea from off a rock, and I love to be hampered by no outward impediments as I do so.’) He hardly dares to call “children” the ‘perfectly civilized and highly educated beings‘ of three or four years of age whom he encounters, gliding to the floor after excusing themselves from a dinner that they handled with ‘epicurean delicacy‘. ‘A little girl in Old England would scramble down, but little girls in New England never scramble.‘ I find these impressions of Americans hard to believe, but then I’ve never been to Newport.

Trollope cheers up when he heads to Maine. He likes Portland very much, commenting on it’s broad and well built streets, which do not run ‘in those absolutely straight parallels that are so common in American towns, and are so distressing to English eyes and English feelings.‘ The place is beautifully situated on a long promontory and is ‘so guarded and locked by islands as to form a series of salt-water lakes running round the town‘ (as I know so well!) The view from the hill called Mountjoy (‘though the obstinate Americans will write it Munjoy on their maps‘) ‘out to the harbour and beyond the harbour to the islands is, I may not say unequalled, or I shall be guilty of running into superlatives myself; but it is, in its way, equal to anything I have seen.’

View of the City of Portland, Maine, from the Harbor, a wood engraving drawn by Samuel S. Kilburn and published on September 24, 1853

The people of Portland seem more as I would expect, if the keeper of the Observatory is anything to go on – ‘He will come out in his shirt sleeves, and, like a true American, will not at first be very smooth in his courtesy; but he will wax brighter in conversation, and if not stroked the wrong way will turn out to be an uncommonly pleasant fellow. Such I believe to be the case with most of them.’

Marcus Stone’s drawing, “Trevelyan at Casalunga,” from Trollope’s He Knew He Was Right - but it could just as well be Trollope himself, taking a break during his hike up Mount Willard

Next, Trollope is surprised by the White Mountains of New Hampshire: ‘Now I would ask any of my readers who are candid enough to expose their own ignorance whether they ever heard, or at any rate whether they know any thing of the White Mountains. As regards myself I confess that the name reached my ears; that I had an indefinite idea that they formed an intermediate stage between the Rocky Mountains and the Alleghenies, and that they were inhabited either by Mormons, Indians, or simply by black bears. That there was a district in New England containing mountain scenery superior to much that is yearly crowded by tourists in Europe, that this is to be reached with ease by railways and stage-coaches, and that it is dotted with huge hotels, almost as thickly as they lie in Switzerland, I had no idea. Much of this scenery, I say, is superior to the famed and classic lands of Europe. I know nothing, for instance, on the Rhine equal to the view from Mount Willard, down the mountain pass called the Notch.‘ So there! Bully for the White Mountains!

Trollope had the great good fortune of traveling through New England in the autumn, and he recommends that others follow suit, for reasons that I can verify: ‘The great beauty of the autumn, or fall, is in the brilliant hues which are then taken by the foliage. The autumn tints are fine with us. They are lovely and bright wherever foliage and vegetation form a part of the beauty of scenery. But in no other land do they approach the brilliancy of the fall in America. The bright rose colour, the rich bronze which is almost purple in its richness, and the glorious golden yellows must be seen to be understood. By me at any rate they cannot be described.

Trollope points out that ‘The traveller who desires to tell of his experience of North America must write of people rather than of things,’ and while he despairs once again over hotels in the United States, with their waking and dining routines ruled by horrible loud gongs, and their waiters who never let your coffee cup go empty, and their utter lack of understanding when it comes to tea time…he does enjoy his ‘excellent friend Mr. Plaistead, who keeps an hotel at Jefferson.’

“Sir,” said Mr. Plaistead, “I have everything here that a man ought to want; air, sir, that ain’t to be got better nowhere; trout, chickens, beef, mutton, milk – and all for a dollar a day. A-top of that hill, sir, there’s a view that ain’t to be beaten this side of the Atlantic, or I believe the other. And an echo, sir! – We’ve an echo that comes back to us six times, sir; floating on the light wind, and wafted about from rock to rock til you would think the angels were talking to you. If I could raise that echo, sir, every day at command I’d give a thousand dollars for it. It would be worth all the money to a house like this.” And he waved his hand about from hill to hill, pointing out in graceful curves the lines which the sounds would take. Had destiny not called on Mr. Plaistead to keep an American hotel, he might have been a poet.

Dodging questions and commentary regarding the Civil War and the topic of secession from all sides, Trollope continues his journey, heading into the wilds of “the Canadas”, and there I’ve left him for the moment. He won’t reach Pittsburgh for 21 more chapters, but so long as the book holds together (it is flaking apart with dangerous enthusiasm…the original library stamp reads Aug. 31 1927…!) I believe I’ll continue along for the rest of the ride.

Posted by: tuulenhaiven | January 16, 2014

The luxury of plants and books

I began this week with a leisurely stroll through Phipps Conservatory, downing the last sweet dregs of the holiday season via the Winter Light Garden and Flower Show.

East Room, Jan. 12th 2014

The Phipps is easily one of my favorite places in Pittsburgh. It’s maze of glass houses and botanical gardens has been around since 1893, and the permanent collections (orchids, fern room, tropical forest, cacti, bonsai) are fantastically beautiful. The seasonal flower shows are suitably festive – I enjoyed the Fall Flower Show in October, with it’s millions of mums, and the Winter Show was of course overflowing with poinsettias. There are nifty glass sculptures scattered throughout the plants, some permanent and some which tag along as part of the seasonal show spectacle – “Night Magic” was the installation that accompanied the Winter Flower Show (glass mushrooms and ferns) – but I was delighted to see that my favorite “Longfellows” by Hans Godo Frabel were still in the Orchid Room (seen below, circa my October visit):

Another Longfellow - Oct. 22nd 2013

Sunday was the last night of the Winter Light Garden, which is certainly a sight not to be missed:

Winter Light Garden, Jan. 12th 2014

I splurged for a membership on my way out this time, and I have every intention of busing, biking, or walked up to the neighborhood of Oakland regularly to hang out in the Conservatory, drawing plants, sitting by the waterfall in the Tropical Forest, and reading in the Japanese Courtyard Garden. Sounds lovely, right? Come visit me, and you can come along (I got a dual membership!)

I kept to this slow, indulgent pace as I moved into the week. My two days off were spent having tea with friends, drinking cappuccinos while reading 2666 at favorite coffeeshops, walking the long way round wherever I went, and spending hours and hours poking around in bookstores. The ultimate indulgence was of course actually allowing myself to buy a few books.

I am trying not to buy too many books off Amazon or in Barnes & Noble this year, preferring instead to explore and support my local bookstores and smaller presses. I spent two hours in Barnes & Noble on Monday night, however, making a thorough perusal of the entire selection, just to remind myself of what’s out there. I wound up purchasing one book, which was too beautiful to resist:

The blurb on the back was enough to grab me (Icelandic winter, an elusive fox, part mystery part fairy tale) but this article by A. S. Byatt, who mentions Sjón, Borges, and Calvino in the same breath, makes me feel like I’ve stumbled across a treasure. Can’t WAIT to read…

Yesterday I hiked up to the neighborhood of Bloomfield, where “bookstore row” (three bookshops within four blocks) makes me very happy. Fortunately, perhaps, for me (at least for my wallet…) only the East End Book Exchange was open. I was there for ages, found a nice heap of books that I wanted, and then had to make tough choices and whittle my pile down to only four. Things I put back were at least five Europa Editions that sounded great (and at the very least wound up on my TBR list…), a rather old Penguin Classic copy of Beowulf, Nancy Mitford’s biography of Madame de Pompadour, and a copy of Marguerite Yourcenar’s A Coin in Nine Hands (which I read in 2011 but never reviewed…silly). Obviously, this shop is well stocked. What I DID purchase was:

I haven’t read Virginia Woolf’s first novel and I’m so intrigued by the idea of it being written in a non-experimental style. And it was just so beautifully yellow, I had to have it!

I’ve never heard of J.G. Farrell or this book, but my habit of keeping an eye out for NYRB editions made me pull it off the shelf. As so often happens with these things, it sounded extremely interesting, so I kept it.

I was just thinking fondly of the sweet times in the past when I’ve succumbed to buying NYRB’s, because they ALL sound fascinating or funny…which led to a sick, sad feeling as it occurred to me how many beautiful books I gave up during my last two years of transient life. I had quite a few NYRB’s there for awhile, before I left Maine. I remember seeing A Month in the Country at my parent’s house recently, but did I leave Witch Grass in Oregon?? Boo… And whatever happened to the Open Letter Press books that I was so excited about gathering back in the spring of 2010? Oh, the agony of scattering a library to the four winds… :-(

Ah, but NOW! *gives self a shake* Now I have the joyous task of rebuilding my library. And lookit what I found:

photo (2)

I mentioned recently that I wanted to read some medieval Scandinavian sagas, so when these presented themselves it seemed like fate. The shop also had Njál’s Saga, but I think these’ll be enough to start with. Between these and the Sjón book, it looks like my winter reading will be full of Icelandic chill – the perfect things to read in the Stove Room at Phipps, while warm and surrounded by earthy planty smells, and accidental impressionistic paintings…

Accidental Impressionistic Painting...? Jan. 12th 2014

More pics from the Fall and Winter Flower Shows at Phipps Conservatory can be found here.


Posted by: tuulenhaiven | January 6, 2014

Meet Me on the Bridge!

No, no, not that sort of bridge…

I am waiting for my copy of 2666 to arrive via post with anxious excitement, having read and thoroughly enjoyed the electronic sample chunk that Amazon provided me for free. Meanwhile, to occupy myself this evening I dipped back into the first season of Downton Abby and got pretty well hooked at last, which caused me to inhale the rest of that season and part of the second. 5 hours later, I am saturated with posh British accents and wistful piano scores and would like nothing better than to go down to the smoke-filled bar around the corner and carouse with some loud Pittsburghers – knock some sense back into my head! However, I’ve given up drinking for the month of January (whose genius idea was that?), and having a soda pop in that environment won’t really do the trick. Bollix.

Oh well. Can I talk about bridges for a bit instead? I found some pictures from an adventure with LE in November that I never added to my count. Here’s a beaut:

Fort Pitt Bridge - Nov. 18th 2013

The Fort Pitt Bridge is the first crossing of the Monongahela River, and it makes for an absolutely brilliant entry into Pittsburgh. You come zipping out of the Fort Pitt Tunnel and BOOM – you’re crossing this gorgeous bowstring arch bridge and the whole downtown skyline is there to the right and the convergence of the three rivers is beneath and to the left and sometimes the sunset is out of control above you. Nicely done. If you want to experience this without visiting Pittsburgh in person (which is silly – come visit me!), watch the movie The Perks of Being a Wallflower – they do this precise thing. (Be warned though: it can be an absolute horror to drive over this bridge as, inevitably, in order to get where you’re going from any direction, you will have to cross three lanes of traffic in not nearly enough time to do so…)

On that day LE and I were racing the sunset up to Mount Washington to take in the view from Grandview Ave.


Which as you can see, was delightful. There are five bridges in this picture, all of which I need to investigate more thoroughly. The first one is particularly interesting – the Smithfield Street Bridge – as it is the second oldest steel bridge in the US. Going further upriver, you can see the Panhandle Bridge (brown) , the Liberty Bridge (flat), the South Tenth Street Bridge (yellow), and the Birmingham Bridge (blue arch way down the river).

Fern Hollow Bridge, Forbes Ave. - Nov. 18th 2013

Earlier that day you would have found us walking beneath this steel span. The Fern Hollow Bridge (above) won an AISC (American Institute of Steel Construction) upon completion in 1970, which probably doesn’t impress you, nor is it that pretty of a bridge, really. And yet I think it looks neat (sweet cantilever!), and it’s impact to the land around is minimal which is nice because it is part of Frick Park. The “Tranquil Trail” and the Nine Mile Run steam lie beneath it and even though Forbes Ave. is a busy road, the bridge kept the noise of traffic high above us.

I loved this bit of trail, just one corner of what is a huge regional park (561 acres). The stonework reminded me of the fabulous trails in Acadia Nat’l Park (my second home) as did this little crossing of the Nine Mile Run (below).

Nine Mile Run, Frick Park - Nov. 18th 2013

Tranquil Trail, Frick Park - Nov. 18th 2013

I can’t wait to go back here in the spring when the flowers start coming out, and the ferns that the hollow are named for are green and abundant.

*Shameless Gushing* When I came home after spending the holidays in Maine, and LE picked me up from the airport and we drove back in the dark and popped out of the Fort Pitt Tunnel and BOOM – there was the Fort Pitt Bridge and downtown and the lights from the Smithfield Street Bridge shinning in the river…I felt such a rush of joy, of belonging. It’s strange and wonderful that my fondness for bridges made it so easy for me to love this city, to wrap my whole heart around it. So far the people in it are equally sturdy, if a bit quirky at times, and beautiful. Just how I like them. And…*end gush*

One last picture for you (and then for me, perhaps one more episode of Downton Abby…or two more…!)

Nov. 5th 2013

The Herr’s Island Railroad Bridge, seen from across the Allegheny River near where I work, late in November.

I really must get some snowy bridge pictures soon…


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